There are 2000+ different plant species in Crete with approximately 10 % being indigenous in the island. The Cretan flora is especially rich in herbal and pharmaceutical plants like oregano, thyme and labdanum. Indeed, quite a big percentage of these are collected, dried and sold to the local market and abroad. There is also an amazing variety of flowers in Crete, like tulips, cyclamen, orchids
etc. Due to the climate and the land terrain the blossoming period lasts for more than 6 months (March to September). Finally Crete is the northern point on the globe where certain African trees are encountered , like cedar
Crete has also a varied fauna. There are certain subspecies of animals that are indigenous only in Crete, like the local wild goat, kri kri,
and the Cretan tree frog.
There are also various birds from a number of subspecies of the common hawk,
to the grey heron.
Finally, the sea life is fairly varied, and certain beaches in the south of the island offer protection to the caretta-caretta
(sea turtle) during its reproduction period. Find related pages...: Environment & Nature